The cultural and scientific achievements of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was extensive and lasted nearly 700 years (from 27 July 1299 to 29 October 1923). There were understandably many important cultural and scientific breakthroughs during that time. However, throughout history, there have been only a few truly ingenious individuals who could universally be described as polymaths, persons who have demonstrated extraordinary expertise […]

What factors contributed to the rise of fascism in Europe?

The rise of fascism during the twentieth century has attracted the attention of countless distinguished academics from all over the world. Fascist movements and governments have emerged in many forms and in many countries throughout the twentieth century, and although the most memorable fascist dictatorships surfaced in the form of Hitler’s Germany and Mussolini’s Italy, […]

Synthesis of Benzocaine

A. Introduction/Aims: The aim of the current investigation is to investigate the acid-catalysed Fischer esterification mechanism underlying the synthesis of the anaesthetic benzocaine using p-aminobenzoic acid and ethanol in excess. The resulting synthesised compound was subject to IR and melting point analyses in order to determine the identity and indeed the purity of the obtained […]

Does ‘hyperpluralism’ have a negative or positive influence upon democracy in the US ?

In order to answer the question posed it would be first appropriate to define the term hyperpluralism. “Hyperpluralism is the theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened, an extreme, exaggerated, and perverse form of pluralism”[1] Therefore hyperpluralism states that due to a large number of groups it […]

Hypothesis-based Science

A hypothesis is a proposed explanation or answer to a problem or question. One stipulation for a good hypothesis is that it must be testable. Science demands for actual data and facts to be used when testing a hypothesis. If no hard data or facts can be provided, the hypothesis exists outside of science and […]

Computerised Communication

In health care setting and early years because the electronic forms of communication are well established it can be used for networking between one organisation and another. Computerised communication is using technology as a way of communicating with others e.g. emails. Emails can be both formal and informal depending on their purpose. An advantage of […]

Outline differences between statutory and independent service provision

Statutory service Independent service Services that are set up and regulated by the government. Set up by the private sector (independent companies) This means that government has decided that everyone who has a particular need must be able to access the service. They offer paid services of those covered by insurance. Government provides the money […]

How Social Class Affects Life Chances

The individual in modern western society strives to achieve or obtain the things that are labelled as desirable by their culture. These commodities may be cultural or economic and range from healthcare, education and occupation to holidays, housing and social activities. As with all commodities, these things are rarely distributed equally, and so the struggle […]

Trench Letter Home – Coursework

As I write this I sit in my dugout by candle light, perfectly fine. My life has changed forever. I cannot believe that only a month ago I was sitting back home with my caring family, life seemed so simple. I can remember rocking on my chair, I was so eager to sign up. But […]

Explain what social divisions are and why interrelationships amongst them are significant

A key feature of societies is that they are socially divided. Different social groups have access to different amount of power, wealth and influence. Societies are divided by inequalities between different social groups and these determine the life chances and well-being of individuals. The main consequence of recognizing that we live in such society is […]