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AP Government – Chapter 20 Vocabulary

AP Government – Chapter 20 Vocabulary

By In Flashcards On January 8, 2018

Chapter 20 Terms Definitions
Iron Curtain A metaphor first used by Winston Churchill to describe a military and political barrier maintained by the former Soviet Union to prevent free travel and communication between Eastern and Western Europe
Cold War Refers to the nonmilitary struggle between the United States and the former Soviet Union following World War II.
Worldviews More or less comprehensive mental pictures of the critical problems facing the United States in the world and of the appropriate and inappropriate ways of responding to these problems.
Isolationism THe view that the US shoudl withdraw from world affairs, limit foriegn aid, and avoid involvement in foriegn wars.
Domino theory An influential theory first articulated by President Eisenhower holding that if an important nation were to fall into communist hands, other neighboring countries would follow suit.
Containment (or antiappeasement) The view that the United States should contain aggressive nations (such as the former Soviet Union).
Disengagement A view that US involvement in Vietnam had led to military defeat and political disaster and that further similar involvements should be avoided. Also known as "new isolationism".
Third World Originially a French term (tiers monde) referring to nations neutral in the cold war between the United States and the former Soviet Union. The term now refers to the group of deveoping nations in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.
Human rights In foriegn policy, the view that our government should act to enhance the rights of people living in other countries.
Military Industrial Complex An alleged alliance among key military, governmental, and corporate decision-makers involved in weapons procurement and military support systems. The phrase was coined by Eisenhower, who warned Americans about its dangers.
Cost Overruns Actual costs that are several times greater than estimated costs. These occur frequently among private contractors producing new weapons for the Pentagon.
Gold plating The tendency of Pentagon officials to ask weapons contractors to meet excessively high requirements.


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